On November 29, 1947, the United Nations voted for the partition of the British Mandate of Palestine, calling for the formation of a Jewish state and an Arab state. The result? Jews accepted the deal, but Arabs rejected it. Now, 76 years later, here’s what you need to know about how the plan aimed for peace in the region.

Go to AJC.org/IsraelHamasWar for the latest resources and explainers about Hamas' unprovoked attack on Israel, and how you can advocate for the swift release of the hostages.