|August 2005 - October 2005|
- France-August 2005: French authorities expelled Algerian Islamic radical Khellaf Hamam, 38, convicted in May 2005 of recruiting and training youths for jihad in Afghanistan and elsewhere.
- Netherlands-August 2005: Following investigations into the issue, the Netherlands announced that “Hezbollah’s terrorist wing, the Hezbollah External Security Organization, has been directly and indirectly involved in terrorist acts. It can also be concluded that Hezbollah’s political and terrorist wings are controlled by one coordinating council. This means that there is indeed a link between these parts of the organization.” Dutch officials subsequently informed the European Union that the Netherlands “no longer makes a distinction between the political and terrorist Hezbollah branches.”
- Britain-August 2005: British authorities banned Syrian-born Islamic extremist cleric Omar Bakri Mohammed from returning to Britain. Bakri founded the radical Islamic group Al-Muhajiroun, which advocates the creation of a global Islamic state; he fled to Lebanon after the July 2005 bombings when he was faced with possible terrorist incitement charges.
- Germany-September 2005: The German interior ministry banned the YATIM child aid organization, linked by authorities to the Palestinian Hamas movement, and the E. Xani publishing company, linked to the Kurdish PKK. Both groups were charged with fomenting extremism in Germany.
- Italy-September 2005: Italian authorities deported Moroccan-born Boukri Bouchta, 40, the self-proclaimed imam of Turin, on grounds that he posed a threat to the security of the state. Bouchta reportedly expressed views supporting Osama bin Laden and Al-Qa’ida.
- Romania-October 2005: Romania’s top court expelled five students suspected of having links to Al-Qa’ida. According to Romanian authorities, the Lasi-based cell was headed by Saudi Arabian Musaab Mujalli Ahmed who allegedly attended an Al-Qa’ida training camp in Afghanistan in 1994 and was recruiting among Romania’s Muslim population.
- Czech Republic-October 2005: The Czech Republic is joining the UN Convention on the Suppression of Financing of Terrorism after the Chamber of Deputies approved the document’s ratification. The Republic was the only EU country not to have ratified the document.
Britain Bans Additional International Terrorist Organizations
In October 2005, the British Parliament approved adding 15 international terrorist organizations to its list of 25 international groups already proscribed under the Terrorism Act 2000. Speaking in support of the ban, British Home Secretary Charles Clarke remarked: “Recent events in London and elsewhere in the world have shown all too clearly that the threat posed by global terrorism has not gone away. The attacks of 7 and 21 July have served as a stark reminder of the need to maintain a vigorous approach… Proscription is an important power.” Under the act, being a member of a proscribed organization is punishable with a 10-year jail term.
Conspicuously missing from the new list are the political branches of Hamas and Hizballah. The United Kingdom does ban the military branches of Hamas (Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade) and Hizballah (Hizballah External Security Organization) but refuses to acknowledge the inseparability of these terrorist organizations’ military and political wings. The European Union listed Hamas as a terrorist organization in September 2003; it too continues to refrain from listing Hizballah.
The additional groups include:
- Libyan Islamic Fighting Group
- Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group
- Ansar Al-Islam (Iraq)
- Al Ittihad Al Islamia (Somalia)
- Islamic Jihad Union (Uzbekistan)
- Ansar Al Sunna (Iraq)
- Hezb-e Islamia Gulbuddin (Afghanistan)
- Harakat ul Mujahideen/Alami (Pakistan)
- Jundallah (Pakistan)
- Sipah-e Sahaba Pakistan
- Lashkar-e Jhangvi (Pakistan)
- Khuddam u-Islam (Pakistan)
- Jamaat ul Furquan (Pakistan)
- Harakat ul Jihad ul Islami (Pakistan)
- Harakat ul Islami (Bangladesh)
- India-August 2005: The Indian state of Andhra Pradesh banned the Communist Party of India and six front organizations. The Maoist separatist group seeks the creation of a communist state comprising tribal areas in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Bihar and Chhattisgarh.
- Bangladesh-October 2005: Bangladeshi authorities banned the local branch of Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami (HUJI), a Pakistan-based Islamic extremist organization. The Bangladesh branch seeks to transform the country into an Islamic state.
- Australia and the Philippines-August 2005: The two nations expanded anti-terrorist cooperation with Australia opening 80 extra training slots for Filipino troops to boost the country’s counterterrorism and maritime security capabilities. The second biggest provider of training to the Philippine military, Australia seeks to help the Philippines meet international security standards in guarding its seaports in the south of the country where foreign Islamic militants are believed to link up with local radicals.
- U.S. and Ukraine-August 2005: The two countries signed an agreement to counter the threat of bioterrorism and prevent the proliferation of biological weapons and expertise. The U.S. pledged to assist the Ukraine in upgrading security for biological pathogens at Ukrainian health laboratories and help improve the detection, diagnosis and treatment of infectious disease outbreaks.
- U.S. and Belize-August 2005: The U.S. and Belize signed a reciprocal ship-boarding agreement under the U.S.-led Proliferation Security Initiative, aimed at interdicting shipments of weapons of mass destruction on the high seas.
- U.S. and Sri Lanka-September 2005: The port of Colombo became the 40th operational port in the U.S.-led Container Security Initiative (CSI) that targets and pre-screens maritime cargo containers destined for U.S. ports.
- Serbia and Spain-September 2005: Serbia extradited to Spain Moroccan Abdelmajid Bouchar, 22, a leading suspect in the 2004 Madrid bombings. Bouchar was arrested in June 2005 at a train station in Belgrade where he was carrying forged Iraqi documents.
- India and China – October 2005: The two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding agreeing to work together on a number of issues, including anti-terrorist cooperation.
- Britain and Russia – October 2005: The two countries pledged to increase their joint efforts to combat terrorism.
- Interpol-September 2005: Interpol is issuing a new type of international alert notice to help police detect individuals who appear on the United Nations sanctions list as participating in financing, planning, facilitating or carrying out activities linked to Al-Qa’ida or the Taliban. The UN list includes 328 individuals and 119 entities.
- European Union-September 2005: The European Union’s second highest court, the Court of First Instance, ruled that the EU can freeze the assets of suspected terrorists. Two men and one organization on the United Nations sanctions list – Yassin Abdullah Kadi, Ahmed Ali Yusuf and the Al Barakaat International Foundation – had challenged the EU’s power to freeze their assets.
- Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force (MENA FATF)-September 2005: As part of regional efforts to root out terrorism financing, the14 Arab states of the MENA FATF endorsed new standards to regulate money transfers, bulk cash couriers and charities.
- Financial Action Task Force (FATF)-October 2005: Over 400 delegates from 32 jurisdictions and 16 international organizations attended the FATF Plenary meeting in Paris where they launched a new project in partnership with the Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering “to explore the symbiotic relationship among corruption, money laundering and terrorist financing.” The FATF also reviewed the anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing systems of Australia, Italy and Switzerland and found that “while FATF members are making very serious efforts to implement the new standards, effective implementation will take further effort.”
June 2007- August 2007
November 2005 - February 2006
August 2005 - October 2005