November 2005 - February 2006

November 2005 - February 2006



  • Ohio, February 2006: A federal grand jury in Cleveland indicted three Toledo men—Mohammad Zaki Amawi, 26, Marwan Othman El-Hindi, 42, and Wassim I. Mazloum, 24, on charges of conspiring to commit acts of terrorism against persons overseas and conspiring to provide material support to terrorists. The three defendants allegedly engaged in activities in furtherance of their common goal to wage violent jihad against American and Coalition forces in Iraq. Amawi was also charged individually with distributing information regarding explosives and making verbal threats against President George W. Bush.


  • Washington, D.C., March 2006: Jordanian terrorist Mohammed Rashed, a.k.a. Rashid Mohammed, was convicted of conspiracy and murder charges in U.S. District Court for his role in the 1982 bombing of a Pan Am airliner traveling from Tokyo to Honolulu that killed a Japanese teenager. In 1988, Rashed was arrested in Greece. Greek authorities rejected a U.S. extradition request and convicted Rashed of the bombing and sentenced him to fifteen years imprisonment. In 1996, after serving eight years, Rashed was released. In 1998, the FBI arrested Rashed and brought him to the U.S. to face trial. In 2002, Rashed pleaded guilty and began cooperating with the U.S. As part of the plea agreement, Rashed will be imprisoned until 2013, after serving nearly twenty-five years in prison, including time served in Greece. Two other terrorists named in the 1987 indictment in connection with the bombing, Abu Ibrahim and Christine Pinter, remain fugitives.

  • Georgia, April 2006: A federal grand jury in Atlanta indicted Georgia Tech engineering student Syed Haris Ahmed, 21, on a charge of material support of terrorism. An American citizen of Pakistani descent, Ahmed reportedly made a video of a building that may have been related to terrorism.

  • Texas, May 2006: A U.S. district judge in Houston sentenced Colombian nationals Elkin Alberto Arroyave-Ruiz, 37, also known as Comandante Napo, and Edgar Fernando Blanco-Puerta, 59, also known as Comandante Emilio, and U.S. citizen from Denmark Uwe Jensen, 70, to prison terms of fifteen, fifteen, and fourteen years, respectively, for their roles in a $25 million dollar weapons-for-drugs deal to provide material support to the Colombian terrorist organization Autodefensas Unidos de Colombia (AUC), a designated foreign terrorist organization.

  • New York, May 2006: A federal jury in Brooklyn convicted Shahawar Matin Siraj, 23, of plotting to blow up Manhattan’s Herald Square subway station in apparent retaliation for the Abu Ghraib prison scandal.




  • Toronto, June 2006: Canadian authorities arrested twelve adult men and five males under the age of 18 on suspicion of being part of an Islamic terrorist cell that was planning terrorist acts in southern Ontario. The twelve adult males were charged with participating in a terrorist group; nine were charged with receiving training from a terrorist group; four with training terrorists; six with intent to cause an explosion, and three with importing weapons and ammunition for terrorism. No information has been released regarding the minors. The suspects—Fahim Ahmad, 21, Zakaria Amara, 20, Asad Ansari, 21, Shareef Abdelhaleen, 30, Qayyum Abdul Jamal, 43, Mohammed Dirie, 22, Yasim Abdi Mohamed, 24, Jahmaal James, 23, Amin Mohamed Durrani, 19, Steven Vikash Chand alias Abdul Shakur, 25, Ahmad Mustafa Ghany, 21, and Saad Khalid, 19—allegedly plotted to bomb the Parliament building in Ontario and attack media outlets including the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC).




  • Britain, February 2006: A London court found Egyptian-born British Muslim cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri, 47, guilty of eleven counts including soliciting murder, inciting racial hatred, and possessing a handbook “of use to terrorists.” The incitement to murder charges stemmed from sermons he delivered in the late 1990s at the Finsbury Park mosque in north London. Sentenced to seven years in prison, Abu Hamza is still wanted in the U.S. on charges of trying to set up a terrorist training camp in Bly, Oregon. American authorities will seek his extradition after he serves his prison sentence.


  • Holland, February 2006: An Amsterdam court sentenced Dutch Muslim Bilal Lamrani, 21, to three years in prison for plotting murder and attempting to recruit prison inmates to carry out terrorist attacks. The court reportedly convicted Lamrani based on the testimony of prisoners he had approached and on materials found in his possession, including computer files containing instruction manuals on bomb-making.

  • France, March 2006: A Paris court sentenced Algerian Islamic militant Rachid Ramda to ten years in prison for financing the terrorists who carried out the 1995 Paris Metro bombings that killed ten people and wounded 200. After a ten-year extradition battle, Britain extradited Ramda to France in December 2005.

  • Spain, March 2006: A Spanish judge indicted thirty-two people for allegedly plotting to drive a truck packed with explosives into a downtown Madrid courthouse that has been the center of antiterrorism investigations. The group of thirty-two mostly Algerian men was charged with membership in a terrorist organization, conspiracy to commit a terrorist attack, and forgery of public documents. Suspected ringleader Mohamed Achraf was extradited from Switzerland to Spain in April 2005.

  • Holland, March 2006: A Dutch court handed down sentences of several months to fifteen years to a group of nine Islamic militants found guilty of belonging to a terrorist organization—the so-called Hofstad Group. The trial was seen as a test of a new Dutch law, which introduced the charge of “membership of a criminal organization with terrorist intent” carrying a maximum sentence of fifteen years. The suspects were arrested in police raids after the November 2004 murder of filmmaker Theo Van Gogh. Jason Walters, 21, and Ismail Akhnikh, 23, were sentenced to fifteen and thirteen years respectively on five counts of attempted murder for throwing a grenade at arresting officers. Moroccan-born Nourridine El Fatmi, 23, also known as Faoud, was jailed for five years for weapons possession and terrorist activity. Hofstad Group ringleader Mohammed Bouyeri, 28, is already serving a life sentence for murdering Van Gogh, and under Dutch law, he cannot receive an additional sentence.

  • Spain, April 2006: A Spanish judge in Madrid indicted twenty-nine people: fifteen Moroccans, nine Spaniards, and one Algerian, Egyptian, Lebanese, Syrian, and a Syrian with Spanish nationality, for alleged roles in the 2004 Madrid train bombings that killed 191 people and wounded nearly 1,800. Five Moroccan men—Jamal Zougam,Youssef Belhadj, Hassam El Haski, Rabei Osman Sayed Ahmed, and Abdelmajid Bouchar—are accused of 191 murders and 1, 755 attempted murders. Spaniard Jose Emilio Suarez Trashorras, suspected of providing the bombers with explosives, was charged with 192 murders, including the death of a policeman killed during a raid on suspected bombers after the attacks. The other suspects were charged as accomplices in the ten coordinated explosions on four commuter trains. The judge found that the attack was carried out by a local radical Islamic cell that was inspired, but not directed, by Al-Qaeda.

  • Bosnia, April 2006: Bosnian authorities indicted three men, arrested in October 2005, on charges of buying weapons and explosives to carry out suicide attacks against Western targets in Europe. Swedish citizen Mirsad Bektasevic, 19, and Turk Cesur Abdulkadir, 21, allegedly arrived in Sarajevo to plan an attack aimed at forcing Bosnia or another government to withdraw forces from Iraq and Afghanistan. Bosnian Bajro Ikanovic, 29, is charged with helping them buy explosives locally.

  • Germany, April 2006: A German court in Celle sentenced Northern Ireland militant Leonard Joseph Hardy, 45, to six years in prison for his role in the 1989 Irish Republican Army (IRA) bombing of a British army base in Germany. Hardy had pleaded guilty to attempted murder and preparing a bomb attack.

  • Britain, June 2006: British police detained and began deportation proceedings against six Libyans suspected of financing attacks on coalition forces in Iraq. One of the alleged terror cell members, Taher Nasuf, 44, was named by the U.S. as a “middle-ranking member of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group,” believed linked to Al-Qaeda. He had managed the Sanabel Relief Agency shop in Manchesteruntil it was closed in February 2006 when, following the February 2006 UN designation of the Sanabel Islamic Relief Charity as an organization supporting Al-Qaeda, the British government froze the assets of the Sanabel Islamic Relief Charity. 

  • France, June 2006: A Paris court convicted twenty-four people of “criminal association in relation with a terrorist enterprise” for helping Islamic fighters in Chechnya and for planning a terrorist attack to take place in Paris. The suspects were arrested in two raids in December 2002 and January 2004; equipment used in the manufacturing of explosives and chemicals, including ricin, were reportedly found during the raids. The maximum ten-year prison term was given to the group’s chief, Merouane Benhamed, 33, and its alleged chemicals expert, Menad Benchellali, 32. Benchellali’s father, an imam from Lyons, his mother, and brother, were also defendants and were all found guilty of helping finance Menad. Two other ringleaders, Nourredine Merabet and Said Arif, 40, described as the group’s financier, were sentenced to nine years in jail.


Middle East/North Africa 


  • Yemen, March 2006: A court in Sana’a sentenced Hizam Al-Mas, 17, and Khalid Al-Halilah, 18, to five years in prison for attempting to kill U.S. ambassador to Yemen Edmund Hull in December 2004.


  • Jordan, March 2006: A Jordanian military court convicted eleven militants, including five fugitives, of running a network that recruited and smuggled fighters into Iraq to attack U.S. forces. Receiving sentences ranging from twenty months to fifteen years, the eight Jordanians and seven Palestinians arranged for fighters to pass into Iraq through Syria. Fugitive Jordanian cleric Hussein Fawzi Kudeisat was accused of preaching in a mosque in the northern town of Hanina, encouraging people to go to Iraq and fight the Americans.

  • Yemen, April 2006: A group of thirteen Islamic militants were sentenced to prison terms of up to seven years for plotting attacks against political and security officials, American, and Western targets in Yemen. Ringleader Ali Sufyan al-Amari was sentenced to seven years in prison for his role in founding the group with the intent of kidnapping foreigners and bombing Western interests.

  • Egypt, April 2006: The Egyptian government said it had broken up an Islamic extremist terrorist cell planning bomb attacks on tourist targets, a gas pipeline near Cairo, and Muslim and Christian religious leaders. Headed by Ahmed Mohamed Ali Badr, 26, the cell, with at least twenty-two members, called itself the Victorious Group.

  • Israel, May 2006: An Israeli court indicted four members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)—Hamdi Quran, Basil Al-Asmar, Ahid Ghalama, and Majdi Rimawai—for the 2001 murder of Israeli tourism minister Rehavam Ze’evi. The PFLP had claimed responsibility for the assassination that took place in a Jerusalem hotel. The suspects were arrested following a March 2006 Israeli raid on the Jericho prison. Later in May, an Israeli military court indicted PFLP head Ahmed Sa’adat, on nineteen terrorism-related charges. Sa’adat was also arrested in the March raid on the Jerichoprison. 

  • Iraq, June 2006: Iraqi forces captured Sheik Aqeel, a high-ranking commander of a local terrorist network in Karbala that funded terror cells and provided bombs for use in attacks. Aqeel is believed to be behind the murders of Iraqi citizens, officials, and coalition soldiers as well as an attack on a local police station in 2005.     

  • Israel, June 2006: Israeli authorities arrested senior Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) operative Jawwad Quabaya in Nablus. He is suspected of heading the PFLP infrastructure in Nablus and involved in recruiting suicide bombers, manufacturing explosives and attempting to direct terror attacks.      



  • Japan, February 2006: A Tokyo court sentenced Fusako Shigenobu, 60, a former leader of the Japanese Red Army, to twenty years imprisonment for her involvement in the PFLP/Japanese Red Army seizure of the French embassy in The Hague in 1974, in which the ambassador and several others were taken hostage; two guards were shot and seriously wounded.

  • Indonesia, February 2006: An Indonesian court sentenced Assep Djaja to death for killing eight people in “terrorist attacks” in the Moluccas islands, a site of Muslim-Christian sectarian strife.

  • Pakistan, March 2006: A Pakistani court sentenced Sunni militants Abdul Halim and Muhammad Aslam to death for the 2005 bombing of a Shiite shrine in Balochistan province that killed forty-seven people.

  • Malaysia, March-April 2006: Malaysian authorities arrested eleven members of the Darul Islam (DI) organization who were allegedly planning a string of bombings in neighboring countries. Founded in 1947, DI seeks to establish an Islamic state in Indonesia. The cell, based in Malaysia’s eastern Sabah state on Borneo Island, includes six Malaysians, three Indonesians, and two Filipinos, and is suspected of playing a logistical support role for Jemaah Islamiyah (JI). The two Filipinos, Jeknal Adil, 22, and Binsali Omar, 40, allegedly helped the organizers of the 2002 Bali bombings to escape. The Malaysian suspects are A Artas A Burhanuddin, 38, Francis Indanan, 38, Mohd Nazri Dollah, 31, Mohd Arasad Patangari, 37, Adzmi Pindatun, 22, and Idris Lanama, 31. The Indonesians are Aboud Ghafar Shahril, 38, Zainuddin Suharno, 28, and Jaki Hamid, 28.

  • India, March-April 2006: Indian security forces arrested Imam Waliullah, 32, the suspected mastermind of the March 2006 bombing attacks in the Hindu holy city of Varanasi that killed twenty-one people, along with five of his operatives—Mahbook Ali, Syed Suhaib Hasan, Farhan, Mohammad Rizwan Siddique, and Mohammad Saad. Waliullah is associated with the Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad (JEM), and the other five suspects are affiliated with the Bangladeshi faction of Harkat-ul-Jehad-Al-Islami (HUJI).

  • Indonesia, April 2006: An Indonesian court convicted and sentenced to jail terms three Islamic militants—Iqbal Husaini, 25, Purnama Putra, 24, and Ahmad Rafiq Rhido, 30—for helping Jemaah Islamiyah fugitive Noordin Muhammad Top and for illegal weapons possession.

  • Indonesia, April 2006: An Indonesian court convicted Islamic militant Zainudin Nasir, 27, of terrorism and sentenced him to twenty years in prison for his role in a May 2004 attack that killed three Christians.

  • Russia, April 2006: A Moscow court convicted Sardorbek Siddikov for membership in the international terrorist organization Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami. He received and distributed the organization’s materials. The group, which advocates the creation of an Islamic state in Central Asia, was banned in Russia in 2003.

  • Russia, May 2006: A Russian judge sentenced Chechen Nurpashi Kulayev, 25, the only surviving Beslan hostage-taker, to life in jail. Pro-Chechen gunmen seized the Beslan school in September 2004, and the siege ended with the deaths of 331 people, more than half of them children.




  • April 2006: Federal authorities in Sydney charged nine men with conspiring to manufacture bombs. One of the alleged terror cell members, Australian citizen of Bosnian descent Mirsad Mulahalilovic, 29, allegedly kept Islamic extremist literature on his computer including material praising Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Ladin and speeches by Al-Qaeda in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, as well as videos of the bombing of the Australian embassy in Jakarta.

  • April 2006: Authorities in Melbourne arrested and charged three Australian men, Bassam Raad, 24, Majed Raad, 21, and Shoue Hammoud, 26, with being members of and financing a terrorist organization. Police allege the three are members of a prayer group led by Islamic cleric Abdul Nacer Benbrika, who was arrested in Melbourne in November 2005 and charged with leading a terrorist cell.

  • June 2006: A Sydney court convicted Faheem Khalid Lodhi, 36, on three terror-related charges of collecting maps of the Australian electricity supply system in preparation of a terrorist act, seeking information on chemical prices for the use of explosives for a terrorist act, and possessing a document with information on the manufacture of poisons and bombs in preparation for a terrorist act. Lodhi, a Sunni Muslim from Pakistan, is the first person in Australia to be convicted of planning a terrorist act.


South America


  • Peru, March 2006: In a civilian retrial in Lima, Tupac Amaru leader Victor Polay Campos, 54, was sentenced to thirty-two years in prison for his role in the December 1996 takeover of the Japanese ambassador’s residence in Lima in which one of seventy-two hostages was killed during a Peruvian commando raid four months later. Polay’s second-in-command, Miguel Rincon, caught plotting a hostage takeover of Congress in 1995, also received a thirty-two-year sentence.


Support for State Sponsors of Terrorism


  • California, May 2006: Los Angeles resident Mohammad Fazeli, 27, pleaded guilty to charges he attempted to illegally ship sophisticated pressure sensors to Iran.

June 2007- August 2007

November 2005 - February 2006

August 2005 - October 2005

February 2005 - July 2005

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