February 2005 - July 2005

February 2005 - July 2005

Bluma Zuckerbrot-Finkelstein

United States

  • February 2005: A federal jury in Manhattan convicted defense lawyer Lynne F. Stewart, 65, of conspiring to provide support to terrorism by smuggling messages out of jail from her convicted terrorist client Sheikh `Umar Abd Al-Rahman and making them known to his followers in Egypt. The sheikh is serving a life sentence for inspiring a foiled 1993 plot to bomb the United Nations, the Lincoln and Holland Tunnels, and other New York landmarks. Codefendant Ahmed Abdel Sattar, 45, was convicted of conspiring to kill and kidnap in a foreign country and of soliciting violence for an October 2000 fatwa that he helped compose that called on Muslims around the world "to fight the Jews and kill them wherever they are." Codefendant Mohamed Yousry, 48, was convicted of three counts of terrorism and conspiracy. Ms. Stewart was indicted in April 2002; she is scheduled to be sentenced in July 2005.
  • February 2005: In federal district court in Jackson, Mississippi, two New Orleans men, Cedric Carpenter and Lamont Ranson, pleaded guilty to their involvement in a conspiracy to sell false identity documents to purported members of the Philippines-based terrorist group Abu Sayyaf, designated by the U.S. as a foreign terrorist organization. As part of the guilty plea, both defendants admitted to conspiring to provide material support to a foreign terrorist organization. The men were arrested at their homes in New Orleans in August 2004 after an elaborate federal sting operation.
  • March 2005: A criminal complaint issued in December 2004 and unsealed in March 2005 charges former Detroit and Washington, D.C., public schools official Kifah Wael Jayyousi, 43, and Kassem Daher, formerly of Broward County, Florida, of conspiring to provide material support and resources for terrorism, and with conspiracy to kill, kidnap, maim, or injure people or damage property in a foreign country. The two allegedly raised money and recruited Islamic extremists to fight in Bosnia, Kosovo, Chechnya, and Somalia. Jordanian national and naturalized American citizen Jayyousi was arrested at the Detroit Metro Airport after arriving from Amsterdam. Daher is a fugitive living in Lebanon.
  • April 2005: Atlanta Olympics bombing suspect Eric Robert Rudolph, 38, pleaded guilty to a series of bombings between 1996 and 1998, including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing that killed one woman.
  • April 2005: Former British clothing merchant Hemant Lakhani, 69, was convicted in Newark, New Jersey, of trying to sell shoulder-launched missiles to what he believed was a terrorist group planning to shoot down airliners. Arrested in 2003 after a federal sting operation, Lakhani was convicted of attempting to provide material support to terrorists and money laundering.
  • April 2005: British student pilot Zayead Christopher Hajaig, a.k.a. Barry John Felton, 35, was indicted by a federal grand jury on charges of being an illegal alien in possession of weapons. Hajaig attended the same flight school in Georgia at which two of the September 11 hijackers briefly trained. A terrorism alert was issued after he allegedly tried to have his pilot rating upgraded to fly commercial aircraft, despite not being qualified. Hajaig fled to Britain, where he was arrested.
  • May 2005: A court in Portland, Oregon, sentenced Palestinian Ali Khalid Steitiye, 42, to five years in prison for carrying a machine gun during target practice alongside members of an Oregon terror cell. Steitiye, who will be deported following completion of his sentence, was present when members of the so-called "Portland Seven" terror cell were engaged in firearms training. Cell members were accused of conspiring to travel to Afghanistan to help the Taliban fight the U.S. military; six are serving prison terms while the seventh, Habis Abdulla al Saoub, was reported killed in an October 2003 shootout in Pakistan.
  • May 2005: Federal authorities arrested two former officers of an Islamic charity - Emadeddin Z. Muntasser, 40, the former president of the Boston-based charity Care International, and Muhamed Mubayyid, 40, the group's former treasurer, on charges of lying to authorities investigating the charity's alleged ties to terrorist organizations and of conspiring to defraud the U.S. According to the indictment, Care International was the Boston branch of the Brooklyn-based Al-Kifah Refugee Center, and was involved in supporting jihad activities.
  • May 2005: In Maryland, Myron Tereshchuk, 43, pleaded guilty to federal charges of possessing ricin, a biological weapon, and improvised hand grenades at his home. He is accused of using the materials to harass a business competitor.
  • May 2005: Authorities arrested Cuban exile Luis Posada Carriles, 77, accused by Cuba of masterminding a 1976 airliner bombing that killed seventy-three people.
  • June 2005: Federal authorities in California arrested Yasith Chhun, 48, president of the Long Beach, California-based Cambodian Freedom Fighters (CFF), an organization that seeks to overthrow the Cambodian government. A federal grand jury in Los Angeles indicted Chhun on charges of conspiracy to kill in a foreign country, conspiracy to damage or destroy property in a foreign country, and engaging in a military expedition against a nation with whom the U.S. is at peace.
  • June-July 2005: A federal grand jury in Sacramento, California, indicted Umer Hayat, 47, and his son Hamid Hayat, 22, on three counts of making false statements to the FBI related to international and domestic terrorism. According to the indictment, the defendants lied about their attending jihadist terrorist training camps in Pakistan. The Hayats have not been charged with any terrorist-related activity but papers filed in federal court said Hamid Hayat admitted to interrogators that he attended an Al Qa`ida training camp in Pakistan. Along with the Hayats, three Pakistanis from Lodi-Muslim leader Muhammed Adil Khan, 47, his son, Mohammad Hassan Adil, 19, and Lodi mosque imam Shabbir Ahmed, 42-were arrested on alleged immigration violations. In July 2005, the Khans agreed to return to Pakistan.
  • June 2005: Yonkers, New York, resident Fernando Sero, 35, pled guilty in federal court in New York to shipping U.S. defense articles, including weapons and weapon parts, to the Island of Mindanao in the southern Philippines. The destination of the weapons remains unclear; while it is suspected that they were sold to Communist and Islamic terrorist groups operating in the southern Philippines, Sero's lawyer insists the weapons were sold to Christians facing Islamic extremist violence. (6/05)
  • July 2005: Federal authorities in Miami indicted Colombian Hector Rodriguez-Acevedo on charges including conspiring to provide material support to a foreign terrorist organization, the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC). He is accused of conspiring to sell assault rifles, hand and rocket propelled grenades and ammunition to the AUC, a right-wing paramilitary group that has assassinated leftist guerrillas, politicians, activists and other Colombian civilians. The suspect was arrested in Colombia and the U.S. has asked for his extradition.
  • July 2005: Israeli-born Palestinian and naturalized U.S. citizen Maher Amin Jaradat, 43, pleaded guilty to lying on his application for U.S. citizenship. Jaradat failed to disclose on his citizenship application that he had been a member of the Palestinian terrorist group Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP), had studied bomb-making and the use of small arms at a DFLP training camp in Syria, had engaged in security duties in Lebanon, and had also been a member of the Palestinian terror group Al Fatah.
  • July 2005: A federal judge in Birmingham, Alabama, sentenced convicted bomber Eric Robert Rudolph, 38, to life in prison for the 1998 bombing of a Birmingham family planning clinic that killed a police officer and critically injured a nurse.
  • July 2005: Convicted Algerian terrorist Ahmed Ressam, 38, was sentenced to twenty-two years in prison for his millennium plot to blow up the Los Angeles airport. His lighter than expected sentence reflected his initial cooperation with authorities investigating international terrorism.
  • July 2005: Yemeni-American businessman Aref Ahmed was sentenced to three years imprisonment for his role in a cigarette smuggling operation that may have been linked to terrorist activity. According to federal prosecutors, Ahmed gave $14,000 to five members of the so-called Lackawanna Six, so that they could travel to and attend a terrorist training camp in Afghanistan. The Lackawanna Six are currently serving prison sentences after pleading guilty in 2003 to providing support to a terrorist organization. Ahmed was not charged in the Lackawanna case.
  • July 2005: Iraq-born Dutch citizen Wesam Al Delaema, 32, was charged in U.S. District Court in Washington, D.C., with participating in a conspiracy to attack Americans based in Iraq. According to the U.S. Department of Justice, these are the first U.S. criminal charges connected to terrorist activities in Iraq. Arrested by Dutch authorities in May 2005, Delaema faces similar charges in the Netherlands. The U.S. has asked for his extradition.
  • July 2005: FBI and Homeland Security agents raided the Northern Virginia office of the Saudi-based charity Muslim World League (MWL) and arrested Saudi citizen and organization employee Abdullah Alnoshan, 44, on charges of immigration fraud. Also charged in the case was Sudanese citizen Khalid Fadlalla, who worked in the MWL New York office. The organization has been under U.S. government scrutiny for possible links to Usama bin Ladin.

Europe

  • France-January 2005: French authorities arrested three suspected Algerian Islamic extremists, Khaled Ouazane, 38, his brother Maamar Ouazane, 32, and Hassen Habbar, 35, in connection with an investigation into a network of Islamic radicals supporting Chechen rebels. Reportedly, they later discovered the men were allegedly planning an attack on the Russian Embassy in Paris, the Eiffel Tower, a clothing store in the central Parisian district of Les Halles, a commuter link packed with people, Israeli interests, and police stations.
  • United Kingdom-February 2005: British authorities charged Salahuddin Amin, 29, with being part of a plot to carry out a bomb attack in the UK. Arrested at Heathrow Airport as he stepped off a flight from Pakistan, Amin is accused along with six other Britons and a Canadian, who were arrested in 2004, when police seized bomb-making materials in a West London warehouse.
  • Italy-March 2005: An Italian court convicted two female members of the left-wing Red Brigades terrorist group of involvement in the 1999 killing of a labor ministry consultant. Laura Proietti, 32, was sentenced to life imprisonment, and Cinzia Banelli, 41, received a twenty-year prison sentence. Two weeks later, Banelli was convicted in the 2002 killing of another government labor adviser and sentenced to sixteen years in prison.
  • Ireland-March 2005: A British court in Belfast sentenced Gary Martin Smyth, a member of the Northern Ireland Protestant paramilitary organization Ulster Defense Association (UDA), to five years in prison for his confessed involvement in a series of UDA attacks, including a pipe bomb attack and gun attacks on various people's homes. The U.S. State Department includes UDA on its list of "Other Selected Terrorist Organizations."
  • Spain-February-March 2005: Spanish authorities in Valencia arrested two ETA suspects, Mikel Orbegozo Etzarri and Sara Majarenas Ibarreta, found with a pistol, explosives, a mine, and documents naming possible targets. Several weeks later, French and Spanish police arrested suspected senior ETA figure Jose Segurola Querejeta and female Miren Itxaso near Toulouse and found pistols, forged car license plates, and a significant amount of explosives. ETA is a designated foreign terrorist organization.
  • UK-April 2005: A British court sentenced Saajid Badat, 25, to thirteen years in prison after he pleaded guilty to plotting to bring down a U.S.-bound airliner in a conspiracy linked to "shoe bomber" Richard Reid. In December 2001, Reid had attempted to light explosives in his shoes on a Paris-to-Miami flight. He was convicted in January 2003 and sentenced to life imprisonment. Badat had agreed to explode an identical device with a matching detonating cord on another flight to the U.S., but in a December 2001 email message to his contacts, he expressed second thoughts and appeared to have withdrawn from the plot. He was arrested by British authorities in November 2003. Badat also confessed to conspiring with Nizar Trabelsi, currently in prison in Belgium for trying to bomb a NATO air base there.
  • Spain-May 2005: Spain's High Court sentenced two Basque ETA members-Gorka Loran, 36, and Garikoitz Arruarte, 25-to 2,775 years imprisonment each for a foiled plot to plant bombs on a Madrid-bound train on Christmas Eve 2003. Police arrested Arruarte, who was carrying a suitcase of explosives, before he boarded the train. The sentence represents fifteen years for each of the 184 attempted murders plus additional time for other charges.
  • Ireland-May 2005: Irish authorities charged Real IRA suspect Sean Gerhard Hoey, 35, with 29 murders caused by the 1998 Omagh bombing. Hoey faces a total of 61 charges, including being a member of the Real IRA, conspiracy to murder security force members and bombings at other Irish cities. He is the first person to be formally charged in Northern Ireland's single worst terrorist attack.
  • Spain-June 2005: Spanish authorities arrested Arnoldo Otegi, leader of the banned Batasuna Party, considered the political wing of the Basque separatist group ETA. Otegi was indicted on charges of belonging to ETA.
  • France-June 2005: A Paris court sentenced five Basque ETA and nine Breton Revolutionary Army (ARB) militants to prison terms ranging from two to twenty years. They were jailed for their involvement in the September 1999 theft of dynamite, detonators and detonating cord from a factory in Brittany. Prosecutors charged that the explosives were later used in attacks that killed eighteen people in Spain and one person in France. The ARB seeks the liberation of Brittany from France and the establishment of an independent state for the Breton people. In the 1990s, the French ARB linked up with the Spanish ETA. The alleged head of ETA's logistical wing, Asier Oyarzabal, received a twenty-year jail term. Spanish militants Miren Argi Perurena and Jon Bienzobas, convicted of carrying out the armed robbery, were handed eighteen-year terms. ETA militants Patxi Segurola Mayoz and Germin Martiniez Vergars were found guilty of receiving the explosives and were sentenced to fifteen and sixteen years, respectively. The nine ARB militants received prison terms ranging from two to seven years for having collaborated with the Basques in the dynamite operation.
  • Russia-June 2005: A Russian court convicted Yuri Kolchin and Vitaly Akishin for the 1998 murder of liberal MP Galina Starovoitova. Kolchin, the organizer of the attack, was sentenced to twenty years and Akishin, one of the assailants, received a twenty-three-year prison term.
  • Italy-June-July 2005: An Italian court sentenced Red Brigades-Communist Combatant Party members Nadia Desdemona Lioce, Marco Mezzasalma, Roberto Morandi, and Diana Blefari Melazzi, to life in prison for the 2002 murder of economist and government consultant Marco Biagi. A fifth defendant, Simone Boccaccini, received a 24-year term. A month later, Lioce, Mezzasalma and Morandi were handed down another sentence of life imprisonment for the 1999 killing of Massimo D'Antona, a professor and labor ministry consultant. Another defendant, Federica Saraceni, was sentenced to four and a half years imprisonment for complicity in the D'Antona killing. The two cases were dormant until Lioce's arrest in March 2003 aboard an Italian train. Investigators subsequently seized Lioce's laptop which led them to the other members of the group.

Middle East

  • Algeria-January and April 2005: In a sharp blow to the Algerian terrorist group Armed Islamic Group (GIA), Algerian security forces arrested GIA leader Nourredine Boudiafi and killed his replacement, Chaabane Younes. Security forces also captured GIA leader Boulenouar Oukil and GIA member Mohamed Chama. A designated foreign terrorist organization, the GIA was responsible for brutal village massacres in Algeria in the 1990s.
  • Jordan-January 2005: Jordan charged sixteen Islamist militants-Abed Shehadeh, 50, Ahmad Yousef, 20, Ahmad Mukhles, 19, Muhanad Yassin, 18, Saber Mohammad, 20, Mohammad Khader, 19, Mohammad Abdul Karim, 24, Imaddin Ibrahim, 29, Ahmad Bashir, 30, Abdullah Mohammad, 28, Hussein Abdullah, 20, Mohammad Ahmad, 26, Mohammad Kamel, 27, Abdullah Ali, 33 and Ahmad Fayez, 30-with plotting a spree of terrorist attacks, including strikes against the U.S. and Israeli embassies in Amman and a hotel housing Israeli tourists in Irbid. Suspect Khalid Fawzi is still at large. Ringleader Jordanian Abed Al-Tahawi, 50, is accused of recruiting his accomplices while preaching in Irbid mosques. In a separate case, military prosecutors charged two Jordanians with a foiled plot to kill four American archaeologists working in Hartha, near Irbid. Another four men were charged with plotting to attack security officials, Israeli and other foreign tourists, and illegal possession of an automatic weapon.
  • Lebanon-February 2005: A Lebanese court sentenced fugitive Saleh Jamal, 29, who fled Australia on a false passport while on bail for a drive-by shooting, to five years in prison for possessing weapons and planning terrorist attacks in the Middle East. Specific information about the attacks has not been made available. The court also sentenced another Sydney-based Australian, Belal Khazal, to fifteen years in absentia for financing Jamal's trip and falsifying his travel documents. Khazal, a suspected Al-Qa`ida operative, was previously convicted in Lebanon in absentia for involvement in the 2003 Beirut McDonald's bombing. He is awaiting trial in Australia for terrorism-related charges.
  • Jordan-March 2005: A Jordanian military court convicted three Iraqis of smuggling rockets and hand grenades into Jordan in connection with a plot to attack U.S. and Israeli targets. Ahmed Mohammed Ali Ayed, 26, and Lawrence Hamid Rashid Muhanna, 28, were arrested in October 2003. Fugitive suspect Muawiya Muhanna was tried in absentia.
  • Israel-March 2005: A Jerusalem court indicted five Arab men for being part of a Jerusalem-based terror cell that planned to carry out a bombing at the Knesset and a series of other attacks, which they hoped would secure them membership in Al-Qa`ida. Headed by Murad Elian, 20, the cell also included Hussam Marisat, 19, Bahjat Hashim, 17, Marwan Abu Laban, 22, and Hamad Shaaban, 18.
  • Israel-March 2005: A Jerusalem court convicted East Jerusalem brothers Ahmed Abid and Naal Abid of setting up a terror cell and handing an explosives belt over to the suicide bomber who attacked a Jerusalem café in 2003, killing seven people. They each received seven life terms in prison.
  • Israel-May 2005: Israeli authorities announced the arrest of three Jewish extremists-Avtalion Kadosh, 21, Eyal Karmani, 23, and Elior Chen, 26-who reportedly confessed to planning an attack on Jerusalem's Temple Mount.
  • Israel-May 2005: An Israeli court in Haifa convicted Alexander Rabinovitch, 22, of involvement in terror activity against Israeli Arab residents of Haifa. He was found guilty of assisting in the October 2004 attempted murder of Israeli Arab Member of Knesset Isaam Makhoul.
  • Turkey-May 2005: A Turkish court convicted Islamic radical Metin Kaplan of treason, for plotting to overthrow Turkey's secular system and of a plot to crash an aircraft into the mausoleum of Kemal Ataturk during 1998 celebrations of the seventy-fifth anniversary of the Turkish republic. Sentenced to life in prison, Kaplan is the head of Caliphate State (CS)/Hilafet Devleti/Anatolian Federated Islamic State, an extremist Muslim group based in Cologne, Germany that seeks the creation of an Islamic state in Turkey as well as a unified global Islamic nation. German authorities extradited Kaplan to Turkey in October 2004. CS was banned in Germany in 2001 as anti-democratic and unconstitutional; it continues to operate and reportedly has about 800 followers.
  • Israel-June 2005: Israeli authorities arrested would-be female Palestinian suicide bomber Wafa al-Bis, 21, at the Erez crossing point between Gaza and Israel, allegedly on route to blow herself up at the hospital in southern Israel at which she was receiving medical treatment. Al-Bis reportedly said her "dream was to be a martyr."
  • Jordan-July 2005: Jordanian authorities indicted five Jordanians-fugitive Mohammad Qteishat, Usama Abu Hazeem, 23, Hatem Ensour, 20, Mohammad Arabiat, 24, and Yazan Haliq, 24 - on charges of conspiring to commit terrorist attacks and possessing illegal explosives with illicit intent. Qteishat was the alleged head of the cell that plotted to target upscale Amman hotels, foreign tourists and Jordanian intelligence agents. Several of the suspects are accused of having undergone terrorist training in Syria and Iraq.
  • Jordan-July 2005: Jordanian authorities indicted seven men on charges of carrying out acts harming a foreign country, including recruiting militants to fight U.S. forces in Iraq. The suspects-Ziad Horani, Khaled Sarqush, Yildar Abdullah, Ashraf Yashqawi, Hassan Agha, Mrad Muheissin and Abdelrahman al-Zahiri-allegedly recruited militants in Jordan and then sent them to Syria where they were provided with military training and smuggled into Iraq. The group is accused of recruiting Raed Mansour al-Banna, accused of carrying out the February 2005 suicide bombing in Hillah that killed over 100 people.

Central and South Asia

  • Malaysia-January 2005: Malaysian police arrested suspected terrorist and Muslim separatist leader Abdul Rahman Ahmad, a.k.a. Doramae Kuteh and Chae Kumae Juteh, wanted in Thailand for allegedly masterminding a year of deadly Muslim separatist violence in southern Thailand.
  • Bangaledesh-February 2005: Bangladeshi authorities banned two Islamic extremist groups and charged fifteen members of the groups-Jagrata Muslim Janata Bangladesh and Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen-with sedition for their alleged roles in a series of bombings, murders, and robberies.
  • Russia-April 2005: A Russian court convicted and sentenced Armen Arutyunyan and Nikolai Korenkov to eighteen months in a penal colony for aiding and abetting terrorism and commercial bribery for their roles in helping two female suicide terrorists get aboard two Russian airliners in August 2004. The bombings killed ninety people.
  • Uzbekistan-April 2005: An Uzbek court convicted and sentenced to nineteen years imprisonment Husniddin Juraev, 29, a suspected key member of the banned insurgency group Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), for terrorism, attempting to overthrow the government, and provoking ethnic, religious and racial discord. The IMU is a designated foreign terrorist organization.
  • Tajikistan-May 2005: A regional court in Tajikistan sentenced seven extremists from the banned party Hizb Al-Tahrir (HT) to prison terms of three to nine years. HT seeks the establishment of a single, unified, global Islamic state.
  • India-May-June 2005: Indian authorities made several arrests in connection with the May 2005 twin blasts at two New Delhi cinemas, allegedly perpetrated by Babbar Khalsa International, (BKI) a Pakistani-supported Sikh terrorist group advocating a separate Sikh homeland in the Punjab area of India. Arrested were alleged blast mastermind Jaspal Singh, Balwinder Singh, Jaganath Yadav, and Vikas Sehgal. Indian authorities also arrested Jagtar Singh Hawara, the alleged head of BKI in India accused of the murder of a former Punjab Chief Minister. The U.S. listed BKI as an SDGT in June 2002.
  • India-May-June 2005: Indian authorities arrested three alleged militants from the Afghan-based and Pakistani-supported terrorist group Hizb-e-Islami (HEI). Ejaz Ahmed Wani, Shabir Ahmed Peer and Nazir Ahmed Khan were arrested with explosives, cash and fake currency. HEI has links to and cooperates with Pakistani terrorist groups fighting Indian control of Kashmir.
  • Thialand-June 2005: Thai authorities arrested Muslim student leader Mahazee Boonthon, 28, on charges of murdering a provincial judge and involvement in continuing attacks in southern Thailand.
  • Aghanistan-June 2005: Afghan intelligence officials thwarted a plot to assassinate the U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, Zalmay Khalilzad, and arrested three Pakistanis in northeastern Afghanistan in connection with the plot. The men were reportedly armed with grenades and assault rifles and were arrested near where the ambassador had planned an event.
  • Pakistan-July 2005: Pakistani authorities arrested Mohammad Hashim Qadir, alias Arif, a key suspect in the 2002 kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl. Qadir is accused of arranging the fatal meeting between Pearl and Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh, convicted and sentenced to death in 2002 for masterminding Pearl's kidnapping and murder.

Australia

  • Australia-June-July 2005: In a Sydney court, former airline baggage handler Bilal Khazal, 35, was ordered to stand trial in June 2005 on a charge of knowingly collecting or making documents connected with terrorism. He is accused of compiling a terrorist manual by collecting articles he found on the Internet and writing an introduction to the book. Several weeks later he was ordered to stand trial for a second charge of inciting another to commit a terrorist act.

June 2007- August 2007

November 2005 - February 2006

August 2005 - October 2005

February 2005 - July 2005

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