February 2005 - July 2005

February 2005 - July 2005

Bluma Zuckerbrot-Finkelstein

JEMAAH ISLAMIYAH (JI)

  • An Indonesian court sentenced Ismail, a.k.a. Muhammad Ikhwan and Edi, to three years in prison for his role in the August 2003 car bomb attack on the Jakarta Marriott hotel that killed eleven people. The twelfth person to be convicted of involvement in the attack, Ismail was convicted of hiding two key members of the cell that carried out the attack-bomb maker Azahari Husin and the group's treasurer, Noordin Mohammed Top, both suspected senior members of JI. (5/05)
  • An Indonesian court sentenced Munfiatun, a.k.a. Fitri, 29, the wife of fugitive Malaysian JI terrorist Noordin Mohammed Top, to three years in jail for concealing information about her husband's whereabouts. Noordin is wanted in connection with the 2002 Bali bombing attacks, the 2003 Jakarta Marriott hotel bombing and the 2004 attack against the Australian Embassy in Jakarta. (6/05)
  • Philippine authorities arrested three terror suspects-Norodin Mangelen, Pedro Guiamat Hamsa and Ali Kanglong-suspected of being members of a local Jemaah Islamiyah cell operating in Mindanao and of planting explosive devices in southern Filipino cities that killed dozens of civilians in 2001-03. Mangelen, a leading suspect in the December 2004 General Santos City bombing that killed fifteen people, reportedly confessed that he was a local liaison for JI and the leader of a terror cell. (6/05)

ABU SAYYAF GROUP (ASG)

  • A Philippine court sentenced to death seven convicted Abu Sayyaf members for the 2001 kidnapping and murder of farmers on the southern island of Basilan. (Reuters, 6/05)


LASHKAR-E-TAIBA (LET)

  • UK-March 2005: British authorities charged Mohammed Ajmal Khan, 30, Frzana Khan, 41, and Palvinder Singh, 29, with conspiracy to provide money and other property for use in terrorism. Mohammed Ajmal Khan was also charged with directing the activities of and membership in the banned terrorist organization Lashkar-e-Taiba (LET), a Pakistani-based Kashmiri group fighting Indian control of Kashmir. LET is listed as a terrorist organization by the U.S., the European Union, and the UN.
  • Australia-March 2005: An Australian court ordered Sydney medical student Izhar Ul-Haque, 22, to stand trial for training with Lashkar-e-Taiba, banned under Australian anti-terrorism laws. He is accused of traveling to Pakistan in early 2003 and training with the group for several weeks. Another Australian, Pakistan-born Faheem Khalid Lodhi, 34, has also been charged with training with LET and awaits his committal hearing to determine whether he should stand trial. Lodhi has also been charged with attempting to bomb Australia's national electricity grid.
  • United States-April 2005: A federal jury in Alexandria, Virginia, convicted prominent Muslim Sheikh Ali Al-Timimi, 41, of inspiring a group of northern Virginia men to attend terrorist training camps overseas and to prepare to battle American troops abroad. Timimi was convicted of all ten counts against him, including soliciting others to levy war against the U.S. and contributing services to the Taliban. Five days after the September 11 attacks, according to prosecutors, Timimi met with some of the men and urged them to join "violent jihad" in Afghanistan. He was accused of approving a plan for group members to prepare for jihad by obtaining military training from the Pakistani terrorist group Lashkar-e-Taiba (LET). Four of Timimi's followers did travel to Pakistan and train with LET in late September 2001. Timimi is scheduled for sentencing in July 2005.
  • In three separate incidents, Indian authorities arrested four suspected members of the Kashmiri separatist group Lashkar-e-Taiba (LET). Alleged LET member Harun Rashid is suspected of training for a terrorist attack on the Indian Military Academy; Suspected LET militants Sadat Rashid and Masood Alam, are accused of recruiting youth for militant activities in Jammu and Kashmir and Mohammed Ishaq, 23, is suspected of attending terror training at a camp in Pakistan. The Islamic extremist LET is suspected of having perpetrated the July 2005 attack on the disputed Ayodhya shrine in northern India in which five terrorists were killed by Indian security forces and one terrorist blew himself up. (5/05, 7/05)
  • A French court convicted Pakistani Ghulam Rama, 67, and Frenchmen of Pakistani origin Hakim Mokhfi, 31, and Hassan El Cheguer, 31, of criminal association with a terrorist enterprise for their links with LET. Sentenced to five years in prison, Rama is the head of the French humanitarian group Chemin Droit (Straight Path), and served as a link in France to LET. Rama was also found to have helped codefendants Mokhfi and Cheguer go to LET training camps in Kashmir. They were both given four-year prison sentences. The three defendants were originally arrested in 2002 on charges of providing logistical support to convicted shoe bomber Richard Reid; prosecutors found that Rama was not linked to the foiled December 2001 plot to blow up a U.S. airliner, but that he did provide logistical assistance to Reid during his stay in Paris. (6/05)
  • A court in Sydney ordered Pakistan-born architect Faheem Khalid Lodhi, 35, to stand trial on nine terrorism-related charges. Lodhi is accused of planning a terrorist attack against several key infrastructure and defense sites in Sydney as well as receiving training at a Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorist camp in Pakistan. (6/05)
  • In federal court in Alexandria, VA, convicted Muslim sheikh Ali Al-Timimi, 41, was sentenced to life in prison for his role in inspiring his followers to attend terrorist training camps abroad. In April 2005, Timimi was convicted of all 10 counts against him including soliciting others to levy war against the U.S. and contributing services to the Taliban. Prosecutors said the sheikh approved a plan for his followers to prepare for jihad by obtaining military training from Lashkar-e-Taiba. Four of Timimi's followers did travel to Pakistan and train with LET in late September 2001. (7/05)

LASHKAR-E-JHANGVI (LEJ)

  • A Pakistani court sentenced to death Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LEJ) senior militant Gul Hasan, 28, after convicting him of masterminding two bomb attacks on Shi'i mosques in Karachi in May 2004 that killed forty-five people. Hasan is believed to have recruited and transported suicide bombers for LEJ, a banned Pakistani Islamic extremist organization that seeks the violent transformation of Pakistan into a Sunni Islamic state. LEJ is a U.S.-designated Foreign Terrorist Organization with suspected ties to the Taliban and Al-Qa'ida that has been implicated in attacks on Western targets in Karachi, including the 2002 murder of U.S. reporter Daniel Pearl. (6/05)
  • Pakistani police arrested alleged Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LEJ) militants Mufti Altaf, alias Mufti Shahid, and Bilal Farooqi, suspected of involvement in the May 2005 suicide attack on a Shi'i mosque in Karachi that killed a policeman and two worshippers. (6/05)
  • Pakistani authorities arrested two Pakistani sisters, identified as Arifa, 18, and Habiba, 20, who allegedly trained to become suicide bombers. The women are the nieces of convicted LEJ terrorist Gul Hasan and are reportedly each married to top LEJ militants. (6/05)

ANSAR AL-ISLAM

  • Italian police arrested six suspected extremists in Milan, four of whom-Mouldi Ben Rachid Ben Yahia, Hichem Ben Mohamed Hekiri, Sami Sassi, and Kamel Kneni-are believed to be part of a cell with links to terrorist groups including Ansar al-Islam. (5/05)
  • A Swedish court in Stockholm convicted two Iraqis, Ali Berzengi, 29, and Ferman Abdulla, 25, of plotting and financing a suicide bombing campaign in Iraq. They were found guilty of "receiving and transferring large sums to the terrorist organization Ansar al-Islam with the aim that the money be used for terror crimes." Sentenced to seven and six years imprisonment, respectively, the two were the first to be charged under new Swedish anti-terror legislation introduced in 2003. The court ordered them to be deported from Sweden once they finished serving their sentences. (5/05)
  • German authorities arrested three Iraqis suspected of supporting Ansar al-Islam. Dieman A.I., 39, Kawa H., 33, and Najat O., 43, are accused of having provided thousands of dollars to Ansar al-Islam that they either raised or donated out of their own pockets, as well as providing other assistance such as courier services. According to prosecutors, "The money served to finance terrorist attacks in Iraq by the Ansar al-Islam group and to secure the organization's logistical and structural foundations." Two of the men are believed linked to Ata R., the suspected ringleader of a German Ansar al-Islam cell arrested in December 2004 on suspicion of having planned to attack then Iraqi interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi. (6/05)
  • Spanish police arrested 11 people, mostly Moroccans, suspected of belonging to a terrorist network that was established in Spain and linked to Ansar al-Islam. The Spanish Interior Ministry said, "The activities of this Islamic network were focused on the recruiting and deployment of mujahedin in Iraq to commit suicide attacks against coalition forces.... Many had demonstrated their willingness to become martyrs for Islam." The alleged leader of the Spanish network's recruitment activities, Moroccan Samir Tahtah, 28, is believed to have coordinated communications with overseas leaders and the movement of recruits to Iraq for terrorist attacks. Two weeks later, Spanish authorities arrested two more people-Moroccan Ridoune Elourma, 29, and Algerian Mohamed Saad, 31-on charges of recruiting Islamic militants to fight against U.S.-led forces in Iraq. (6/05)
  • A Tunisian appeals court upheld the conviction of Mohamed Bajouya, 23, for recruiting militants and "giving them ideological and military training to carry out terrorist attacks" in Iraq, and sentenced him to twenty years imprisonment. The court sentenced five other defendants to between five and ten years on charges of belonging to a "terrorist group based abroad" and recruiting people to carry out "terrorist attacks outside the country." The government named the group as Ansar al-Islam. (7/05)

SALAFIST GROUP FOR PREACHING AND COMBAT (GSPC)

  • Mauritanian authorities indicted seven suspected members of a local cell of the Algerian terrorist group Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat-GSPC) on charges of establishing a criminal association. The prosecution alleges the young militants underwent eight months of training at GSPC camps in Mali and Algeria for attacks at home and abroad, including Iraq. The men were arrested after entering Mauritania from Algeria. The Al-Qa'ida-linked GSPC, a U.S.-designated Foreign Terrorist Organization, claimed responsibility for an April 2005 bomb attack in Algeria that killed twelve Algerian soldiers and a June 2005 attack on a Mauritanian army post that killed fifteen Mauritanian soldiers. (5/05)
  • In Damascus, Syrian authorities arrested Algerian Islamic extremist Sakir Adil, the alleged webmaster of the GSPC's website. He was reportedly seized at a Damascus Internet café and sent to Algeria. (5/05)
  • An Algerian court in Algiers convicted in absentia and sentenced to life imprisonment Amari Saifi, a.k.a. Al Para, deputy head of the GSPC, for forming a terrorist group. Saifi is wanted in Germany for the 2003 kidnapping of thirty-two European tourists in the Sahara Desert; he is suspected of having masterminded the tourists' abduction in which a German woman died of exhaustion. (6/05)
  • In Marseille, French and Italian agents arrested Othman Deramchi, 51, after Italy issued a Europe-wide warrant for his arrest. A suspected member of the GSPC, Deramchi was convicted in Italy and sentenced there to eight years in prison on charges of trafficking false identity papers in connection with terrorist activities. (7/05)

MOROCCAN ISLAMIC COMBATANT GROUP (GICM) AND SALAFIA JIHADIA

  • As part of a crackdown on extremist cells accused of planning terrorist attacks in Italy and abroad, Italian police arrested three Moroccans in Turin suspected of links with the Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (GICM). The Al-Qa'ida-linked GICM has been connected to both the May 2003 Casablanca bombings and the March 2004 Madrid train bombings. (5/05)
  • A Moroccan court sentenced to death Mohcine Bouaarfa and Taoufik Hanouichi, two suspected top members of the Al-Qa'ida-linked Moroccan Islamic extremist group Salafia Jihadia, a GICM offshoot, on charges that included killing five Moroccans, including the September 2003 murder of a Jewish merchant in Casablanca and the killing of an Interior Ministry official and a police officer. Thirty-five other cell members were convicted of lesser charges and received jail terms ranging from one year to life. Salafia Jihadia is also linked to the Casablanca attacks. (7/05)
  • An Italian court convicted Moroccan Mohamed Rafik, a former Florence imam, and Tunisian Kamel Hamraoui of belonging to an extremist cell alleged to have planned terrorist attacks in Italy against Milan's subway and Cremona's cathedral. Tunisian Najib Rouass was convicted of a lesser charge of inciting violence. They received prison terms of four years and eight months, three years and four months and one year and two months, respectively. Investigators said the cell was connected to an international terrorist network for which it raised money, forged identity documents and recruited extremists to fight abroad. Moroccan authorities have linked Rafik to Salafia Jihadia and have asked Italy for his extradition but Italy's highest court rejected the extradition request. (7/05)


HIZBALLAH

  • Israel-January, February, and April 2005: Israeli authorities have recently arrested several Hizballah-linked suspects in Israel and on the West Bank. Danish citizen of Lebanese origin Ayad al-Ashwah, 39, was arrested after he was caught videotaping passing scenery on an Israeli passenger train. Al-Ashwah reportedly told police that he had been recruited into Hizballah and was ordered to travel to Israel to collect security information and recruit Israeli Arabs into Hizballah. Two Israeli Arabs were also arrested.
  • Israel-April: Authorities indicted West Bank resident Salem Buaqna, a.k.a. Abu Al-Eid, on charges of establishing and leading an Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades terror cell funded by Hizballah. On the West Bank, authorities arrested Fatah member Firas Tanbor, suspected of planning a terrorist attack on behalf of Hizballah and in a separate incident, arrested Palestinians Wassam Badoui Salah Nasser, 21, Ra'ad Aouni Hosni Bader, 21, and Mouad Rateb Haj-Muhammad Aslim, 21, suspected of being recruited by Hizballah to engage in surveillance and compile intelligence on the Israeli Army and on the movements of an Israeli VIP targeted for attack. The suspects reportedly admitted they had received financial support from Hizballah to fund their activities. According to Israeli officials, the phenomenon of recruiting Palestinians into Hizballah while they are on family visits to Lebanon is becoming increasingly widespread.
  • United States-March 2005: In federal court in Detroit, Michigan, Mahmoud Youssef Kourani, 34, pleaded guilty to conspiring to provide material support to Hizballah. Kourani organized and hosted meetings at his Dearborn residence during which a guest speaker from Lebanon solicited donations for Hizballah. Sentencing is scheduled for June 2005. His prison sentence will be followed by deportation to Lebanon.
  • Federal authorities arrested Dearborn businessman Nemr Ali Rahal, 41, who allegedly sought to support Hizballah by collecting $600 to send to relatives of suicide bombers. FBI agents reportedly found a videotape of a 2002 Hizballah rally in Lebanon at his home. Rahal was ordered to stand trial on charges he had committed financial fraud by stealing more than $400,000 through credit card fraud. (5/05)
  • Illegal immigrant Mahmoud Youssef Kourani, 34, who had pled guilty in March 2005 to conspiring to provide material support to Hizballah, was sentenced to four-and-a-half years imprisonment. According to the prosecution, Kourani held meetings in his Dearborn, Michigan home where guest speakers from Lebanon solicited donations for Hizballah. (6/05)
  • Authorities in Ecuador broke up a South American-based international drug trafficking ring that smuggled cocaine to South America, Europe and Asia and funneled money to Hizballah. Suspected ringleader Rady Zaiter, a Lebanese restaurant owner living in Quito, Ecuador, was arrested in Bogota, Colombia. In Ecuador, police arrested five men from Lebanon, Syria, Nigeria, Algeria and Turkey and one Ecuadorian woman and seized vehicles, weapons and more than $170,000 in cash. Zaiter and Syrian suspect Maher Hamajo allegedly used couriers who hid cocaine in suitcases and ingested it into their stomachs. Nineteen other suspected members of the Hizballah drug ring were arrested in Brazil along with $65 million worth of cocaine. According to Ecuadorian authorities, the ring exported cocaine and sent up to 70 percent of its profits to Hizballah. (6/05)

HAMAS AND ISLAMIC JIHAD

  • United States-March 2005: An appeals court in Cleveland upheld the conviction of Imam Fawaz Damra, 43, convicted in June 2004 of concealing ties to the Palestinian terrorist group Islamic Jihad when he applied for American citizenship. Damra awaits deportation.
  • United States-April 2005: Three Dallas-area brothers-Ghassan Elashi, Bayan Elashi, and Basman Elashi-were convicted of supporting terrorism by channeling money to Hamas, a designated foreign terrorist organization. The men sent money to Hamas leader Musa Abu Marzuk through their Richardson, Texas, computer company, InfoCom Corp. They are to be sentenced in August 2005. The three Elashi brothers and two other brothers, Hazim Elashi and Ihsan Elashi, were all convicted in 2004 of making illegal technology shipments to Libya and Syria, two designated state sponsors of terrorism.
  • Spanish authorities arrested Marwan Ismail Dahman, 51, on the charge of collaborating with a terrorist group. The Palestinian-born Spanish aviation engineer is accused of faxing Qassam rocket designs to Hamas and Islamic Jihad terrorists. (5/05)
  • Israeli authorities arrested five Islamic Jihad (IJ) terrorists-Hamza Abd al-Rahim Hussein Brijia, 27, Ali Ahmad Hassan Dar Rashid Brijia, 28, Iyad Ahmad Hussein Fawajra, 27, Muhammad Radad Mustafa Radad, 24, and Muhanad Ya'akub Muhammad Abu Rumi, 31-who were allegedly part of the IJ terror cell responsible for the February 2005 Tel Aviv bombing attack that killed five people. The suspects reportedly confessed to having tried twice to lead suicide bombers into Jerusalem, and were planning another suicide bombing attack to be carried out in June 2005. Several weeks later, Israeli authorities arrested wanted senior IJ terrorist Tammer Hassin Said Gaer, 24, who allegedly belonged to the Tulkarem IJ cell responsible for the February 2005 Tel Aviv bombing and the July 2005 Netanya mall bombing. (6/05, 7/05)
  • University of Arkansas graduate student Arwah J. Jaber, a naturalized U.S. citizen born in the West Bank, was arrested on charges of knowingly attempting to provide support to the designated foreign terrorist organization Palestinian Islamic Jihad. According to the Criminal Complaint filed by the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Arkansas, Jaber admitted writing an e-mail in May 2005 to his doctoral adviser stating, "Since Dr. Wilkins was unable to help me graduate this May, I decided to take an honorable job in Palestine with the Palestinian Islamic Jihad Organization to pursue a more noble cause-freedom, justice and peace for the Palestinians and to fight the Israeli terrorism. This action will make it impossible for me to return to the states to defend my dissertation-assuming I am still alive." The complaint also states that Jaber admitted telling people at the university that if he died an honorable death, his wife would be taken care of financially and that his knowledge of chemistry would help the jihad cause. Jaber was arrested at an Arkansas airport where he allegedly was on his way to the Palestinian territories. (6/05)
  • Brazilian federal police arrested suspected Tri-border area (Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina) Hamas leader Saiel Bashar Yahya Al Atary and twenty-one others described as Islamic terrorists. The men were charged with being part of an international ring that committed credit card fraud, counterfeited documents and was involved in drug trafficking. (6/05)

June 2007- August 2007

November 2005 - February 2006

August 2005 - October 2005

February 2005 - July 2005

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