Iran and the Palestinian War Against Israel: Implications of the Karine-A Affair

Iran and the Palestinian War Against Israel: Implications of the Karine-A Affair

1Amos Harel. "Hezbollah paid for Karine A; PA paid for arms- army source." Ha'aretz. February 1, 2002. Much of the Arabic and Iranian press argued that the ship was, according to Lloyd's, owned by an Iraqi citizen [e.g., see: Beirut's al-Anwar, January 8, 2002; Tehran Times, January 8, 2002]. However, ownership of the ship on paper is irrelevant to its activities.

2"The Weapons Seized on the Karine-A Ship." Israel Defense Forces. idf.il/english/news/karinea.stm

3David Makovsky. "The Seizure of Gaza-Bound Arms: Political Implications" Peacewatch #358. The Washing-ton Institute for Near East Policy. January 8, 2002. 4Jennifer Griffen. "Prison interview with Palestinian ship captain smuggling 50 tons of weapons." Fox News. Jerusalem. January 7, 2002.

5Ha'aretz. January 7, 2002.

6"President Arafat: 'God willing, I will attend the Beirut summit.'" WAFA. February 7, 2002; Muhammad Naji Amayrah. "Why did Washington adopt the Israeli story on the arms ship?" Al-Ra'y [Amman, Jordan]. January 13, 2002; Ali al-Khalili. "Further evidence of the American bias toward Israel!!" al-Quds [Jerusalem]. January 15, 2002.

7"The PNA Denied Any Link to The Weapons Ship." WAFA [the official Palestinian News Agency]. January 4, 2002; "An official Palestinian statement." WAFA. January 7, 2002; "Mousa: The weapons ship is foil attempts aiming at resetting the peace process into it's right track." WAFA. January 9, 2002.

8"Sermon from Al Aksa Mosque." Voice of Palestine. January 25, 2002."

9Reuven Paz. "Palestinian Participation in the Islamist Global Network." The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Policywatch #453. April 14, 2000.

10Gal Luft. "The Karine-A Affair: A Strategic Watershed in the Middle East?" Peacewatch #361. The Washing-ton Institute for Near East Policy. January 30, 2002; Michael Rubin. "Iran and the Prospects for Syria-Israel Peace." Peacewatch #237. The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. December 22, 1999.

11Gal Luft. "The Seizure of Gaza-Bound Arms: Military Implications" Peacewatch #359. The Washington Insti-tute for Near East Policy. January 8, 2002; Gal Luft. "The Karine-A Affair: A Strategic Watershed in the Middle East?" Peacewatch #361. The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. January 30, 2002.

12Ali al-Jarbawi. "What is behind this nonsense?" al-Ayyam [Ramallah]. January 12, 2002.

13Eli Lake. "Bush blasts Arafat on terror." United Press International. January 28, 2002.

14Speech by Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei at an international conference on Islamic media in support of the Palestinian intifadah. Tehran. Voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran Radio 1. January 31, 2002.

15Abbas William Samii. "Tehran Denies Hosting Seven 'Most Wanted Terrorists.'" Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Iran Report. Vol. 4, No. 39. October 15, 2001.

16For a chronology of terrorist attacks which claimed American lives, see: Caroline Taillandier. "Middle-East Connected Terror Attacks on Americans." Middle East Review of International Affairs. Vol. 5, No. 4. December 2001, pg. 90-99; "Overview of State-Sponsored Terrorism. Patterns of Global Terrorism - 2000. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism. U.S. Department of State. April 30, 2001.

17"PFLP-GC calls for striking American and Zionist economic interests." www.palestine-info.com. August 22, 2001.

18Michael Rubin. "The Islamist Threat in Iraqi Kurdistan." Middle East Intelligence Bulletin. Vol. 3, No. 12. December 2001. (www.meib.org/articles/0112_ir1.htm).

19Abbas W. Samii. "A Finger in Every Pie-Tehran Looks East." Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Iran Report. Vol. 5, No. 2. January 21, 2002.

20"Overview of State-Sponsored Terrorism. Patterns of Global Terrorism - 2000. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism. U.S. Department of State. April 30, 2001.

21At a June lecture marking the fifth anniversary of the terror attack at Khubar, Ruth Wedgwood, professor of international law at Yale Law School, speculated that diplomatic considerations could be responsible for the U.S. government's failure to indict publicly Sharifi for the 1996 bombing. See: Ruth Wedgwood. "Special Policy Fo-rum Report: Khubar Towers Five Years Later: Evaluating the Criminal Justice Approach to Counterterrorism." Policywatch #544. The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. July 6, 2001.

22Damian Whitworth. "US asks Tehran to help find bombers." The Times. September 30, 1999.

23Michael Eisenstadt. "The Long Shadow of Khubar Towers: Dilemmas for the U.S. and Iran." The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Policywatch #414. October 8, 1999.

24Clive Freeman. "Undeterred, chief judge in Mykonos trial implicates Iranian leaders." April 10, 1997. Deutsche Presse-Agentur.

25Amnesty International. "Iran: 'Mykonos' Trial Provides Further Evidence of Iranian Policy of Unlawful State Killings." MDE 13/015/1997. April 10, 1997.

26"Flatow v. Iran: Order." CA No. 97-396 (RCL). Filed March 11, 1998, by Nancy Mayer Whittington Clerk, U.S. District Court."

27Robert Satloff. "Karine-A: The Strategic Implications of Iranian-Palestinian Collusion." The Washington Insti-tute for Near East Policy. Policywatch #593. January 15, 2002.

28Tod Robberson. "Hezbollah tries to change image; Lebanese, others say liberation efforts show it's not a terror-ist group." The Dallas Morning News. October 4, 2001. 24A.

29Mehdi Hashemi was the head of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps' Office of Liberation Movements charged with export of revolution. In the early to mid-1980s, he was based in Lebanon, where he worked on behalf of the Iranian government to transform Lebanese society into an Islamic Republic [Kenneth Katzman, The Warri-ors of Islam: Iran's Revolutionary Guard. (Boulder: Westview Press, 1993), 45].

30Donna Abu-Nasr. "Terror suspect wanted by Washington lauded in Lebanese hometown." Associated Press. October 22, 2001; "Argentina Issues Warrant for Terrorist," The Washington Post, September 3, 1999; "The suc-cessor to 'Carlos' may strike an Israeli target.' Jane's Foreign Report. December 14, 2000.

31Brian Whitaker. "The Strange Affair of the Karine-A." The Guardian. January 21, 2002.

32Reuven Paz. "Palestinian Participation in the Islamist Global Network." The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Policywatch #453. April 14, 2000.

33International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism at the Inter-Disciplinary Center. "Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ): Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami al-Filastani." http://www.ict.org.il/inter_ter/orgdet.cfm?orgid=28">http://www.ict.org.il/inter_ter/orgdet.cfm?orgid=28.

34Richard Z. Chesnoff, David Makovsky, et al. "And now, Netanyahu." US News and World Report. June 10, 1996.

35Caroline Taillandier. "Middle-East Connected Terror Attacks on Americans." Middle East Review of Interna-tional Affairs. Vol. 5, No. 4. December 2001, pg. 90-99, and International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism at the Inter-Disciplinary Center. "Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ): Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami al-Filastani." http://www.ict.org.il/inter_ter/orgdet.cfm?orgid=28">http://www.ict.org.il/inter_ter/orgdet.cfm?orgid=28.

36Daniel McGrory. "Hijacking expert believed to be hiding in Iran." The Times [of London]. September 24, 2001.

37Abbas W. Samii. "Hezbollah and Palestinians involved in Basij exercises." Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Iran Report. Vol. 3, No. 40. October 23, 2000.

38Sadeq Saba. "Reformist newspaper closed in Iran." BBC.com. June 25, 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/middle_east/newsid_805000/805624.stm

39"Hezbollah leader urges 'protecting spirit of resistance.'" Manar television in Beirut. January 9, 2002. [Cour-tesy of BBC Worldwide Monitoring].

40Hussein Dakroub. "Hezbollah chief warns of edicts prohibiting suicide attacks against Israel." Associated Press. January 9, 2002.

41"Hezbollah leader urges 'protecting spirit of resistance.'" Manar television in Beirut. January 9, 2002. [Cour-tesy of BBC Worldwide Monitoring].

42"Hamas: 'We will use Kassam rockets.'" Jerusalem Post. January 25, 2002.

43"Israel - Hamas improving rocket warhead." Periscope Daily Defense Capsules. January 24, 2002.

44Amos Harel and Daniel Sobelman. "Palestinians fire Kassam-2 rockets from Gaza into Israel." Ha'aretz. Feb-ruary 10, 2002.

45Transcript of Rafsanjani Speech. December 14, 2001.

46Abbas W. Samii. "Annual Anti-Israel Event Well-Attended." Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Iran Report. Vol. 4, No. 47. December 17, 2001.

47Speech by Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei at an international conference on Islamic media in support of the Palestinian intifadah. Tehran. Voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran Radio 1. January 31, 2002.

48John Diamond. "Iran Tests Medium-Range Missile." Associated Press. July 23, 1998.

49"Missile threat continues to grow, CIA director says." Aerospace Daily. February 8, 2001.

50"Khatami: Bush has no sense of history." The Tehran Times. January 31, 2002.

51For a history of Iranian vigilante groups and Iranian domestic terror, see: Michael Rubin. Into the Shadows: Radical Vigilantes in Khatami's Iran. (Washington: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2000).

52Michael Rubin. "The Tehran Temptation." Commentary. January 2002.

53Michael Rubin. "Iran's 'Dialogue of Civilizations'- A First-Hand Account" Middle East Quarterly. March 2000.

54Asher Price. "Foggy Bottom v. The Victims of 9/11: Freezer Burn." The New Republic. January 28, 2002.

55State Department Regular News Briefing. Washington, DC, March 11, 1998.

56Safa Haeri. "Iran reacted with indignation to Bush's warnings." Iran Press Service. January 30, 2002.

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