Endnotes

Endnotes

by Ephraim Tabory

1. Richard G.Hirsch, Reform Judaism and Israel (New York: World Union for Progressive Judaism, 1972), pp. 15-16. 2. Ibid., p. 19.

3. Shlomit Levy, Hanna Levinsohn, and Elihu Katz, Beliefs, Observances and Social Interaction among Israeli Jews (Jerusalem: The Louis Guttman Israel Institute of Applied Social Research, 1993); Charles S. Liebman and Elihu Katz, eds., The Jewishness of Israelis: Responses to the Guttman Report (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997).

4. Meir Elk, "First Steps in the History of Our Movement in Israel" (Hebrew), Shalhevet 1 (1969): 9-12.

5. Alfred Gottschalk, "Israel and Reform Judaism: A New Perspective," Forum on the Jewish People, Zionism and Israel, no. 36 (Fall/Winter 1979): 143-60.

6. David Polish, Renew Our Days: The Zionist Issue in Reform Judaism (Jerusalem: World Zionist Organization, 1976); Ze'ev Harari, "Chapters in the History of the Movement for Progressive Judaism in Israel" (Hebrew), incomplete thesis, 1980, Hebrew Union College Library, Jerusalem.

7. Shlomo Cohen, Not to Negate Have We Come, But Rather to Pave the Way (Hebrew) (Ramat Gan, n.d.).

8. Harari, "Chapters."

9. See Yehoram Mazor, Ha-avodah Shebalev--Comments and Illumination (Hebrew) (Jerusalem: Hebrew Union College, 1990).

10. Yehoram Mazor, Holidays in the Thought of Progressive Judaism in Israel (Hebrew) (The Institute for Jewish Education, Democracy and Zionism, The Israel Movement for Progressive Judaism, 1988); idem, Mitzvah and Halakhah in the Thought of Progressive Judaism in Israel (Hebrew) (The Institute for Jewish Education, Democracy and Zionism, The Israel Movement for Progressive Judaism, 1988); idem, Thoughts of Prayers in the Thought of Progressive Judaism in Israel (Hebrew) (The Institute for Jewish Education, Democracy and Zionism, The Israel Movement for Progressive Judaism, 1991).

11. Moshe Zemer, A Sane Approach of Halakhah (Hebrew) (Tel Aviv: Dvir, 1993). See also David Ellenson and Michael White, "Moshe Zemer's Halakhah Shefuyah: An Israeli Vision of Reform and Halakhah," CCAR Journal 43:2 (Spring/Summer 1996): 31-41.

12. Moses Cyrus Weiler, "Statement of MARAM," Central Conference of American Rabbis Yearbook 93 (1983): 146-48.

13. Ephraim Tabory, "Reform and Conservative Judaism in Israel: A Social and Religious Profile," American Jewish Year Book 83 (1983): 41-61.

14. R. K. Merton, Sociological Ambivalence and Other Essays (New York: Free Press, 1976).

15. Telem, 1976, 10:2.

16. Telem, 1976, 5:2.

17. Telem, 1978, 19:2.

18. Moshe Chaim Weiler, "On the Eve of Rosh Hashanah 5737" (Hebrew), Telem, 1976, 10:1-2.

19. Esther Adler-Rephan, "The Reform Movement Has Made Aliyah: Ha-avodah Shebalev as Its Te'udat Zehut," CCAR Journal 40:1 (Summer 1993): 21-33.

20. Meir Azari, "Response: Let's Broaden the Margins," CCAR Journal 43:1 (Winter 1996): 17-21. See also Stanley A. Ringler, "Reform Judaism in Israel--Why Is the Movement Marginal? CCAR Journal 43:1 (Winter 1996): 1-10; idem, "Reform Judaism in Israel: Debating the Future--A Response," CCAR Journal 43:3 (Fall 1996): 85-92; Uri Regev, "Israel: The Real Challenge--A Response," CCAR Journal 43:2 (Spring/Summer 1996): 1-17.

21. Jerusalem Post, July 6, 1989, p. 4.

22. Shabbat BeShabbato, Aug. 23, 1997.

23. Ma'ariv, June 16, 1994, p. 15.

24. Jerusalem Post, June 16, 1994, p. 2.

25. Ha'aretz, Dec. 26, 1995, p. a5.

26. Ibid., p. al.

27. HCJ 47/82, The Foundation of the Israel Movement for Progressive Judaism, Rabbi Moshe Zemer, Rabbi Mordechai Rotam v. Minister of Religion, Chief Rabbinical Council of Israel (Hebrew), Piskei Din 43 (2), 661, 722.

28. Yediot Acharonot, Jan. 2, 1996, p. 12.

29. Ibid.

30. Ha'aretz, Mar. 10, 1996, p. a8.

31. For example, Moshe Samet, "Who Is a Jew? (1958-1977," Jerusalem Quarterly 36 (1985): 88-108; idem, "Who Is a Jew? (1978-1985)," Jerusalem Quarterly 36 (1986): 109-39.

32. Eliezer Don-Yehiya, Religion in Israel: Status, Organizations, Services (Hebrew) (Jerusalem: Information Service/Publication Center, 1975).

33. Jerusalem Post, Sept. 6, 1991, p. 3.

34. H.C. 153/87, Shakdiel v. Minister of Religious Affairs et al. (Hebrew), Piskei Din 42 (2), 221-77.

35. Ha'aretz, Jan. 27, 1994, p. a7.

36. Ha'aretz, Feb. 23, 1994, p. a7.

37. For details, see S. Zalman Abramov, Perpetual Dilemma: Jewish Religion in the Jewish State (London: Associated University Presses, 1976).

38. Protocols and Resolutions of the Sixth National Conference (Hebrew) (Zichron Yaacov: The Israel Movement for Progressive Judaism, 1981).

39. Ephraim Tabory, "The Identity Dilemma of Non-Orthodox Religious Movements: Reform and Conservative Judaism in Contemporary Israel," in Z. Sobel and B. Beit-Hallahmi, eds., Tradition, Innovation, Conflict: Jewishness and Judaism in Contemporary Israel (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1991).

40. Reshumot, Legislative Bills (Hebrew), 2610, Mar. 26, 1997.

41. HCJ 1031/93, Alian (Hava) Pessaro (Goldstein) and The Movement for Progressive Judaism in Israel v. The Minister of the Interior and The Director of the Population Registry, Piskei Din 49 (4), 661.

42. Asher Maoz, "Who Is a Convert?" Justice (The International Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists) 15 (December 1997): 11-19.

43. Yated Ne'eman, Apr. 1, 1997.

44. Jerusalem Post, Apr. 2, 1997, p. 1.

45. Jerusalem Post, Jan. 22, 1996.

46. Ha'aretz, Apr. 3, 1997, p. a4.

47. Jerusalem Post, Apr. 1, 1997.

48. Ha'aretz, Apr. 4, 1997, p. a8.

49. Ha'aretz, Apr. 8, 1997, p. a3.

50. Ha'aretz, Apr. 13, 1997, p. a6.

51. Ha'aretz, June 19, 1997.

52. Jerusalem Post, June 5, 1997.

53. Ha'aretz, May 20, 1997.

54. Alex Lubotzky, The Conversion Law and Jewish Pluralism in Israel (Hebrew) (Jerusalem: The American Jewish Committee, 1997).

55. Ammiel Hirsch, "Foreword," Journal of Reform Zionism 1:1 (1993): 2.

56. Eric H. Yoffie, "Building a Reform Zionist Paradigm," Journal of Reform Zionism 1:1 (1993): 19-21.

57. Jerusalem Post, Oct. 12, 1997, p. 12.

58. Levy, Levinsohn, and Katz, Beliefs, Observances and Social Interaction; Bernard Lazerwitz, J. Alan Winter, Arnold Dashefsky, and Ephraim Tabory, Jewish Choices: American Jewish Denominationalism (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1998).

59. Dafna N. Izraeli and Ephraim Tabory, "The Political Context of Feminist Attitudes in Israel," in Yael Azmon and Dafna N. Izraeli, eds., Women in Israel (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1993); Yael Yishai, Between the Flag and the Banner: Women in Israel Politics (New York: State University of New York Press, 1997).

60. Ephraim Tabory, "Rights and Rites: Women's Role in Liberal Religious Movements in Israel," Sex Roles 11 (1984): 155-66.

61. Levy, Levinsohn, and Katz, Beliefs, Observances and Social Interaction.

62. Charles S. Liebman and Eliezer Don-Yehiya, Civil Religion in Israel: Traditional Judaism and the Political Culture in the Jewish State (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983).

63. Marshall Sklare and Joseph Greenblum, Jewish Identity on the Suburban Frontier (New York: Basic Books, 1967).

64. Ezra Spicehandler, "What Can We Say to Israel?" Central Conference of American Rabbis Yearbook 78 (1968): 227-36.

 
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