|Crimes against humanity|
62 years ago, on October 1, 1946, the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg handed down its judgment of Nazi war criminals, sentencing 12 to death. Learn more about this subject of particular interest to the Jewish people in this week's Jewish IQ Quiz on crimes against humanity.
What Nazi war criminal committed suicide the night before he was to be hanged at Nuremberg?
(a) Hermann Goering (b) Heinrich Himmler (c) Albert Speer (d) Joseph Goebbels
Who issued the passport used by Adolph Eichmann after World War II to enter Argentina, where he lived until Israeli capture in 1960?
(a) Germany (b) Argentina (c) The United Nations (d) The Red Cross
About how many Rwandans died during the three-month peak of the genocide from April to July 1994?
(a) 300,000 (b) 500,000 (c) 800,000 (d) 1.2 million
The ongoing fugitive status of Ratko Mladic, the Serbian general responsible for the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, continues to block Serbia's entry to what institution?
(a) NATO (b) UN Security Council (c) EU (d) OECD
What country is a party to the International Criminal Court?
(a) China (b) Iran (c) United States (d) Afghanistan
From 1993-2003, what country claimed "universal jurisdiction" for crimes against humanity, resulting in diplomatic tensions when foreign leaders, including Ariel Sharon, were sued for alleged crimes elsewhere?(a) Switzerland (b) Belgium (c) South Africa (d) Norway
The official term "crime against humanity" is often believed to have originated in a 1915 diplomatic cable, in which the Triple Entente accused what country of such crimes?
(a) Bulgaria (b) Austria-Hungary (c) Germany (d) Turkey
How many UN member states are not signatories to the Geneva Conventions?
(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 5 (d) 10
Who convened the 1899 peace conference at the Hague, where the resulting convention codified many of the laws of battle for the first time?
(a) Czar Nicholas II (b) The Meiji Emperor of Japan (c) U.S. President William McKinley (d) British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury
The UN defines apartheid as a crime against humanity. According to the ICC, what criterion must a government meet in order to commit the crime of apartheid?
(a) "...Practitioner of longstanding and widespread racial discrimination..." (b) "...Institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group..." (c) "...Official discrimination against and social marginalization of a racial group..." (d) "The imposition and maintenance of racial hierarchy through state-sanctioned violence..."
Bonus: Former Liberian President Charles Taylor is currently being tried by the UN Special Court for Sierra Leone. He had returned to Liberia to start a civil war after being imprisoned where?
(a) South Africa (b) Libya (c) United States (d) Cuba